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Fennel is a member of the Apiaceae (carrot or parsley) family and is related to cumin and dill,
Caraway and anise, which all bear aromatic fruits commonly called seeds. is home to
Southern Europe but has now been naturalized in Northern Europe, Australia and North America and is
It is grown all over the world. Most commercial fennel seeds in the United States are imported from
Fennel, (Foeniculum vulgare), is a perennial herb of the carrot family (Apiaceae) that grows for its edible shoots, leaves, and seeds. Native to southern Europe and Asia Minor, it’s grown in temperate regions worldwide and is considered an invasive species in Australia and parts of the United States.
All parts of the plant are aromatic and used for flavoring, and the stem base of Florentine fennel (variety Azuricum) and the bleached buds are eaten as a vegetable.
The extracted seeds and oils denote anise in smell and taste and are used in the perfuming of soaps, perfumes, candy flavoring, alcoholic beverages, medicines and foods, especially pastries, sweet pickles and fish.
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The cultivated plant is about 1 meter (3 feet) tall and has stems with finely divided leaves consisting of many linear or awl-shaped segments. The gray compound bears small yellow flowers.
The small, dry fruits are greenish-brown to yellowish-brown, oblong ovate about 6 mm (0.25 in) long with five prominent longitudinal dorsal edges. The seeds contain 3 to 4 percent of the essential oil; The main components are anethole and finchone.
Giant fennel (Ferula communis), a member of the same family, is native to the Mediterranean region. Its stems grow to about 3 meters (10 feet) high and are used to make adhesives.
Pork fennel, or sulfur herb (Peosedanum officinale), is another member of the Apiaceae family and is used in traditional medicine in parts of Europe.
History & Uses
It’s another herb with a medicinal history. Magical and culinary uses. Fennel was used by the ancients The Egyptians as food and medicine, and considered a Snake bite treatment in ancient China. through the east It was hung over doorways to ward off evil spirits. Fennel is also associated with the origin of the marathon.
The ancient Athenian Pheidippides bore a stalk of fennel His 150-mile and two-day distance to Sparta to collect soldiers for Battle of Marathon with Persia in 490 BC. battle It was also reported to have been launched in a field of fennel. Fennel seeds are aromatic and sweet, and have a flavor similar to anise.
Health Benefits of Fennel
Let us look at the top health benefits of fennel in detail:
1. May Treat Respiratory Disorders
It’s very useful in respiratory disorders such as congestion, bronchitis and cough due to the presence of cineole and anethole, which are expectorant in nature, among many other benefits.
Fennel seeds and powder can help break up phlegm and instantly eliminate toxins and buildup from the throat and nasal passages to eliminate the body to ensure a quick recovery from respiratory ailments.
2. May Aid in Eye Care
Incorporating it into your meals can help protect the eyes from infections, as well as help reduce disorders associated with premature aging and macular degeneration.
This is due to the abundance of antioxidants (vitamin C and amino acids such as arginine are very useful for tissue rejuvenation and anti-aging), detoxifiers and stimulants. They are specifically found in fennel essential oil, as well as minerals such as cobalt and magnesium.
Finally, the juice of its leaves and the plant itself can be applied externally to the eyes to reduce irritation and eye fatigue.
It’s also a rich source of flavonoids, which are very useful in protecting against melanocyte apoptosis due to death caused by oxidative stress. By protecting against this destruction of pigment cells, fennel can be safely classified as effective for eye health for many reasons.
3. May Regulate Menstruation
Fennel is also an emmenagogue, which means that it is believed to ease and regulate the menstrual cycle by properly regulating the hormonal action in the body.
Furthermore, fennel is used in a number of consumer products to reduce the effects of PMS, and it has also been traditionally used as a pain reliever and a relief for menopausal women.
4. May Boost Immunity
Being rich in many nutrients including vitamin C, fennel helps boost the immune system and protects the body from infection and damage caused by free radicals.
5. May Alleviate Symptoms of Colic
There are studies that show that herbal teas made from various herbs including fennel oil and fennel have the ability to relieve colic symptoms. Fennel has certain antispasmodic properties that also help relax muscles and reduce the discomfort associated with colic.
Polymeric and heavy particles are useful in the treatment of renal colic. These polymers, also called phytoestrogens, are found in anethole, which is a component of fennel essential oil. However, more scientific research is needed to investigate the benefits and effects on humans.
6. Possibly Effective Diarrhea Remedy
Fennel is useful in treating diarrhea caused by bacterial infections, as it may contain some ingredients such as anethol and cineole that may have antiseptic and antibacterial properties.
Certain amino acids, such as histidine, can aid in digestion and the proper functioning of the digestive system, thus helping to eliminate diarrhea caused by indigestion. Indigenous cultures have long used fennel as a way to eliminate diarrhea.
7. May Improve Brain Function
Potassium, found in high levels in fennel bulbs and seeds, is an electrolyte, which means it can facilitate an increase in electrical conduction throughout the body. This is according to research published at Yale University School of Medicine in 1939.
This includes connections within the brain, which is a real switchboard for electrical currents.
Potassium can help increase brain function and cognitive abilities through this quality. Also, fennel is a vasodilator, which means that more oxygen reaches the brain and neural activity can work at optimal functions.
8. May Regulate Blood Pressure
Fennel is a very rich source of potassium, which can be an essential nutrient in our bodies and is vital for a number of important processes according to a report published in the Journal of Hypertension.
A feature of potassium is its quality as a vasodilator, which means that it relieves tension in blood vessels, thereby lowering blood pressure. High blood pressure is linked to a wide range of health problems, including heart attack, stroke, and atherosclerosis.
Also, for diabetics, blood pressure issues can make it difficult to control their insulin and glucose levels and can be a cause of many potentially fatal complications.
Incorporating a cup of fennel bulb into your daily diet can increase potassium levels and all the benefits that come with it.
9. May Have Anticancer Potential
Raw vegetables have not been extensively studied in relation to cancer prevention. However, fennel seed extract has been explored a bit more, and the results of one cancer prevention study were impressive.
It is shown that, in animals, the extract can not only inhibit the growth of tumors, thanks to its concentrations of flavonoids, alkaloids and phenols, but also has the potential to act as a chemopreventive against the harmful effects of radiation during cancer treatment.
According to the same study, fennel seed extract shows anticancer potential against breast cancer and liver cancer.
10. May Reduce Heart Diseases
Fennel can be a great source of fiber, as mentioned earlier, but besides the digestive benefits that fiber provides, it also helps maintain healthy cholesterol levels in the bloodstream, according to research in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
This means that it can stimulate the elimination of “bad” or “bad” cholesterol, which is a major factor in heart disease,
atherosclerosis and strokes.
11. May Treat Constipation
Fennel seeds, especially in powdered form, are thought to act as a potential laxative, particularly in Ayurvedic medicine. The bran helps to clean the intestines, while its stimulating effect helps maintain the proper peristaltic movement of the intestines, which helps to enhance the output.
Fennel is also commonly found in medications that treat abdominal pain, diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and other intestinal problems.
12. May Reduce Flatulence
Fennel is very popular as an anti-flatulent, due to the carminative properties of the aspartic acid present in it. Its extract can be used by many, from infants to the elderly, as a way to reduce flatulence and expel excess gas from the stomach.
It is commonly used in medicines to reduce symptoms of nonulcer dyspepsia and flatulence in infants and young children.
13. May Relieve Indigestion
A common practice, particularly in the Indian subcontinent, is to chew fennel seeds after meals. This has been done for many years as it is believed to facilitate digestion and eliminate bad breath.
Some components of fennel essential oil are likely stimulants because they encourage the secretion of digestive and gastric juices, reduce inflammation in the stomach and intestines, and facilitate proper absorption of nutrients from food.
Moreover, it can eliminate constipation and protect the body from a wide range of intestinal problems that can result from obstruction.
It also has antacid (essential) properties and is widely used in antacid preparations. In culinary applications, it is also used as a main ingredient in many appetizers.
14. May Help Prevent Anemia
Iron and histidine, an amino acid found in fennel, are both useful in treating anemia.
While iron is the main component of hemoglobin, histidine stimulates the production of hemoglobin and also helps in the formation of various other components of blood.
15. Possibly Rich source of Vitamin C
It is known that one cup of fennel onion contains approximately 20 percent of the daily requirement of vitamin C, which makes it a very rich source of this beneficial vitamin in our diet.
Vitamin C improves overall immune system health, produces and repairs skin tissue, aids collagen formation, and protects blood vessel walls as an antioxidant from the harmful effects of free radicals that can often lead to heart disease.