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Caraway belongs to the family of carrots Apiaceae. The plant is much branched and hollow and grows up to 30 to 80 cm in height. The flowers are small and white in color borne in compound umbels. The fruit is 4 to 6 mm long, 1 to 1.5 mm wide, and has a light brown color. Caraway root is recognized as a pitted root as well as grows in a slender shape to about eight to nine inches long.
It is distinguished by its yellow color, so when cooked, it turns out to be a rich creamy white. Caraway is cultivated in the Mediterranean region, Europe, temperate eastern Asia, southwestern India and North America.
Sweden, Norway, Great Britain, Finland, Germany, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Austria, Russia, Ukraine, Syria, Egypt, Morocco and India are the main producers of caraway, caraway is also known from such names as Carvies, carom, Persian cumin, Mededian fennel, common caraway, Wild cumin, meridian fennel.
Caraway seeds are among the oldest seeds used for a number of reasons. In fact, it also has a very special place in folklore as individuals may believe that seeds have unique powers to avoid whatever consists of them from being stolen as well as to avoid lovers from losing affection for one another.
Caraway seeds are grown all over the world, and are recognized by a host by different names. A Some of the most common names consist of Jeera, Karwiya, Kummel, Semen Cumini Pratensi and Harravi. The caraway plant must be grown for about two years before it can start making seeds for therapeutic use.
The tree itself will grow to about 2 feet in height and bear small feathery leaves with seeds that look like cumin. The leaves are harvested in the early hours of the morning after the cut pants are laid and allowed to dry before threshing the seeds.
The seeds are a great source of dietary fiber which is essential for maintaining a healthy digestive system as it adds bulk to the food and prevents the chances of constipation.
It also increases the movement of food in the intestines. Fiber acts as an anti-cancer because it binds to toxins in food that help protect the colon mucosa from cancers. Moreover, fiber also lowers the level of bad cholesterol. Tea and infusions prepared from the seeds help eliminate intestinal parasites, coughs, urinary tract infections, bronchitis, colds and fever. Helps strengthen immunity.
It is used to enhance appetite in chemotherapy patients and is also useful in improving lactation in new mothers.
Caraway is an abstract, branching plant that grows 30 to 70 cm in height with an elongated spindle root root. It is a biennial plant and requires two years for a full life cycle. When it dies it produces seeds. The plant has a thick root and hollow stems. The leaves are bi-pinnate with terminal segments, 3 to 5 by 1 to 2 mm long and linear or linear to lanceolate. The flowers are yellow, white or green and occur in clusters. The fruits are painfully oval to crescent-shaped and yellowish-brown. The fruit is 4 to 6 mm long and 1 to 1.5 mm wide.
History/Region of Origin of Caraway Seeds
Caraway is native to Asia as well as northern and central Europe. Caraway was first used in antiquity, and it has been grown in Europe since the Middle Ages. Proof of the use of caraway in the Middle Ages comes from seeds found in debris in lakes in Switzerland. Caraway is assumed to be the spice used more than any other in Europe. Writings from the 17th century indicate that caraway seeds were used in bread, fruit, and cakes, and were considered an aid to the digestive system.
- Chew it raw to provide relief from indigestion.
- It is used to treat bronchitis and as an aid for cough.
- Fruits are used as an aid for loss of appetite, colic, promote lactation and digestive disorders.
- Use the tea prepared from leave or tea to treat flatulence.
- An infusion made from fruits helps to eliminate intestinal worms.
- Caraway fruit is used to treat hypertension and diabetes.
- Chew the seed after meal to sweeten breathe and provide relief from heartburn.
- It is used for treating loss of appetite and failing vision.
- Caraway tea is used to improve respiratory conditions such as bronchitis, cough, colds and asthma.
- A decoction prepared from Caraway is used traditionally to wash wounds, bruises and prevent infections.
- It also provides relief from gas problems.
- Essential oil extracted from Caraway helps to eliminate toothaches, bad breath and gum diseses.
- It is also used to treat menstrual cramps and insomnia.
- Take tea by adding Caraway seeds in the morning. This helps to treat problems such as bloating and lowers weight.
- It helps to lighten scars caused due to acne or pigmentation.
How to Eat
- It is used as a spice in culinary dishes, bread, confectionery, liquors and beverages.
- In Austrian and Southern German, it is used with meat, vegetable or rye bread.
- It is also added to sauerkraut which is a fermented cabbage.
- Use it to add flavor to cheeses.
- It is used in curries, casseroles and salads.
- The essential oil is used to flavor candy, ice creams, liquors and soft drinks.
- Brew crushed fruits and leaves into tea.
- Leaves are consumed raw or used to flavor soups.
- Roots are cooked like parsnip.
- In Indian cuisine, it is used in rice dishes such as biryani and pulao.
- It is used in Syrian cuisine to make sweet scones called Keleacha.
- Add it in soups and stews to enhance the flavor.
- It could be used as an ingredient in stews, dishes made of goose meat and pork.In your morning toast, include a few seeds of caraway roasted in olive oil.
- Caraway seeds are utilized to flavor breads, biscuits and cakes. They’re also utilized as a seasoning and pickling spice.
Health Benefits of Caraway Seed
Caraway, known botanically as Carum carvi, is a biennial plant belonging to the A piaceae family. Some of the health benefits of caraway seeds are explained as follows:
Because caraway might lower blood sugar, individuals with diabetes should use caution when eating large amounts of caraway. Because caraway can affect blood sugar levels, it is also important to stop taking caraway for about two weeks before undergoing surgery.
In addition, caraway oil needs to be prevented by ladies who are pregnant or even breastfeeding.
It’s important to keep in mind that nutritional supplements have not been tested for safety and that nutritional supplements are also largely unregulated. In some cases, the product may provide doses that differ from the exact amount for each herb. In some cases, the product may be contaminated with other substances such as metals. In addition, the safety of nutritional supplements in young children, those with medical conditions, or even those taking medication has not been proven.
2. Help individuals sleep
Caraway seeds may help individuals sleep with their high content of magnesium, a mineral directly linked to promoting sleep quality, duration, and calmness. Caraway seeds also help in managing the metabolism, so as to reduce sleep problems and also the occurrence of insomnia.
Preliminary research from animal studies raises the question of whether caraway might be somewhat beneficial for individuals with diabetes. For example, a 2006 study of diabetic mice (published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology) discovered that treating mice along with caraway extract significantly reduced cholesterol levels.
4. May boost bone health
Caraway seeds contain a great source of zinc, which has been shown to boost bone mineral density as well as overall bone health.
5. Anti-fungal and anti-yeast properties
Caraway seeds are known to have anti-fungal qualities. This means that cumin seeds can be stored for long periods of time without fear of spoilage due to exposure to air. Not only this, cumin seeds have proven to be anti-yeast in nature. So it can be used in foods that need anti-yeast properties. Can be used for long-term storage.
6. Remedy for Colic
Colic is in fact a non-identifiable disease that affects both newborns and infants. A The usual use of cumin seeds is always a remedy for colic. Colic is seen as causeless crying, irritability, or an inability to latch onto the mother’s breast as well as get nourishment. Colic can be treated by adding a few grains of caraway seeds to boiling milk, and combining them with honey.
7. Cures loss of appetite
Anorexia is a very common problem that we face in the modern world due to our inability to eat nutritious foods. Not only that, we are also addicted to habits like smoking that reduces our appetite by half. A special kind of tea created by including cumin seeds is really a cure for poor appetite. If you consume it over time, you will gradually notice the progress in your appetite.
8. Cures digestive disorders
The healing qualities that caraway seeds possess are many in number. One of their crucial uses is sure to treat digestive problems as well as the digestive system. It is also used in the treatment of stomach ulcers due to its soothing properties.
9. Sexual Disability
Many people have complained that they have a sexual disability. But there is no need to worry about that anymore just because cumin seeds are here to eliminate this problem. All you have to do is grind a number of its seeds with some clarified butter as well as tamarind kernels. Mix it well and pour it into the water and add it to a glass filled with milk and honey. This can definitely eliminate sexual disability and enable you to enjoy your life to the fullest.
10. Able to Reduce Cholesterol
Scientific tests have also confirmed the health effects of high-fiber foods in reducing LDL cholesterol in the body. Not only that, fiber also helps in increasing the amount of HDL cholesterol. These functions are very important in reducing the chance of developing cardiovascular disease.
11. Veterinary medicine
Caraway seeds are found in many medicines that are taken to prevent many diseases that affect animals. It can generally be obtained at many pharmacies.
12. Itches, Boils and Rashes
With caraway seeds, you can also take care of itching, boils and rashes. All you have to do is make a paste of clove seeds with lukewarm water and apply it all on the affected area. You can also boil a few cumin seeds and when the water reaches room temperature, wash the areas carefully with Ajwain water. You will definitely find a solution to the problem and get rid of pimples as well.
13. Relieves heartburn
You may confuse acidity or even acidity as often a symptom of a heart attack. You feel a burning sensation in your chest as well as in the area of your throat that has burping or hiccups. The next time you experience this kind of acidity, the simplest action you can take is to eat a few cumin seeds. Either you put it in boiling water and also consume this particular mixture or even mix a spoonful of it with a bowl of curd and eat it as well. It can also be taken with peppermint oil to relieve digestive disorders.
14. Cures Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea and vomiting are unpleasant signs of intestinal infection as well as other physical disorders. A A simple way to reduce yourself from these symptoms is to eat cumin seeds. You will be amazed at the relief you will notice.
15. Menstural Cramp and Stomach Problems
Menstrual cramps as well as stomach problems are very common among women. All you have to do is boil a little cumin seed oil and wait for it to reach room temperature. Then, you can apply this and massage it all over your stomach area. You will find relief from your cramps within an hour or so. Another alternative is to grind some caraway seed oil with lemon juice, add a little lukewarm water and drink it twice daily. You will definitely get great results.
16. Stimulates appetite
Poor appetite is a very common problem in teenagers as well as young children. Parents certainly find it difficult to get kids to eat nutrient-rich foods because of their poor appetite. Eating caraway seeds in the right amount is incredibly beneficial in increasing your appetite.
17. Beneficial for Dry and Itchy Scalp
Individuals with dry as well as irritated scalp or even poor quality hair should include some cumin seeds in their diet… Now take one of the slices and rub it on your scalp. Massage for the next ten minutes. Clean with water and then wash with herbal shampoo. To fight any kind of itch, you can also use a packet of cumin seeds. You will have to make a paste of banana as well as cumin seed paste and apply it on the scalp. This should be done at least once a week.
18. Good for your heart
Caraway strengthens the heart muscles, lowers blood pressure (as well as the level of cholesterol in the blood), and helps avoid hardening of the veins. Its hearty qualities are among the most well-known qualities of caraway. Everyone who eats bread with caraway knows that it is good for heart health. Moreover, like a tonic, it tones your heart.
19. Loaded with Antioxidants
Caraway seeds are loaded with powerful flavonoid antioxidants which include carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin and cryptoxanthin. Studies have found that these compounds are great at eliminating harmful free radicals as well as protecting the body from cancers, premature aging and inflammation.
20. Improves overall health
Overall health is improved by eating caraway as it is called improving your immune system. The immune system is the mechanism that protects the body and organs from infection and disease. If you become ill, your immune system creates infection-fighting components that help you recover faster.
21. Antiseptic and Disinfectant
Caraway seeds are a wonderful antiseptic as well as antiseptic capable of dealing with many infections ranging from skin irritations to infections of body organs such as the digestive system, colon, respiratory and excretory systems as well as the urinary system. In addition, cumin seeds have been reported to be effective in avoiding the development of fungi and bacteria, thus avoiding the development of ulcers and ulcers. It may also protect people with injuries from tetanus.
Caraway seeds contain a chemical compound known as ‘limonene’, which has anti-cancer actions and stops the growth of breast, liver, lung and stomach cancers.
Simply because caraway is a mild antihistamine in addition to having antimicrobial properties, it will help relax the muscles that cause coughing difficulties.
24. Anti-inflammatory Property
The anti-inflammatory property of caraway seeds helps in managing any kind of inflammation as well as the difficulties associated with infections. In particular, it is very effective to deal with any inflammation inside the intestines of the body.
25. Relieve Constipation
The health improvements of cumin seeds may also be contributed by their high content of dietary fiber. Every 100 grams of seeds provides you with 38 grams of fiber, which is a great remedy for solving the problem of constipation.
26. It stops endless coughs
Histamine is the reason behind perhaps the most endless type of cough, and it is often very difficult for a patient to get the right medication to relieve symptoms. Caraway neutralizes the effects of histamine like most medications, but with absolutely no side effects. In addition, it reduces any other type of cough and provides relief in bronchitis, throat and nose.
Caraway seeds may relieve all kinds of health conditions associated with cramps. It may immediately reduce the signs of muscle cramps as well as muscle tightening as it blocks the effects of the compounds and enzymes responsible for muscle contraction. It may also help reduce spasms associated with the respiratory system while treating hiccups, difficulty breathing, and coughing. As an expectorant, caraway seed can definitely reduce blockage associated with cold and cough. It may treat infections of the nasal tracts, pharynx, larynx, bronchi, and throat associated with colds.
28. It is good for the wounds
As an antiseptic it prevents the development of bacteria and fungi and thus prevents wound infections. In addition, it successfully treats many internal infections.
29. Caraway promotes urination
First of all, it is very therapeutic for people who want to lose weight. It improves the rate and quantity of urination, thus helping you to completely clean the kidneys, reduce fat and keep the urinary tract from infections.
30. Increases lactation
Caraway is second only to fennel for nursing mothers. It improves the amount of milk. Moreover, when the mother uses caraway, her child will not suffer from flatulence and indigestion, and receives the majority of the benefits of the plant.
31. Colic Relief
Bruise an ounce of caraway seeds. Pour a quart of distilled water inside the seeds and leave them for 6 hours. It can be sweetened with honey. Give 1 to 2 teaspoons as needed, up to 4 times daily. This treatment is considered safe for everyone and is especially useful in dealing with children.
32. Cure for obesity
Caraway is traditionally used to treat obesity. The study was conducted to investigate the weight-reducing effects of caraway extract on overweight and obese women through a three-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Participants were given 30 ml/day of CE or a placebo without changing their physical activity or diet. The treatment groups had significant reductions in weight, body fat percentage, BMI, and waist-to-hip ratio. There was no change in urine specific gravity, lipids and blood pressure. The results show that diet CE with no restriction in eating and when combined with exercise helps manage obesity in women.
33. Assist in losing weight
Research shows that caraway seed extract helps participants lose weight BMI and body fat. The study was conducted on 70 overweight or obese female volunteers. The women were treated with cumin seed extract for 90 days. No changes were made in exercise and diet. At the end of the trial, those who had the caraway extract lost more than 6 pounds. They experienced significant improvements in their body fat percentage, BMI and an increase in muscle mass.
Side Effects of Caraway Seed
Caraway seed is actually an aromatic culinary herb native to Asia. It is actually a fruit of the caraway herb, but it looks like a seed once dried. Deserved for its therapeutic benefits, this particular spice is designed for digestive conditions such as indigestion, flatulence, and colic. However, taking cumin seeds may have a number of negative effects; Talk to a health professional before using it for medical reasons.
1. Liver Damage
According to Physicians’ Desk References, caraway oil, a highly volatile essential oil found in caraway seeds, may cause kidney and liver damage when taken in large doses over a long period of time. Authors Kraft and Hobbs note that this essential oil has also been discovered to avoid or relieve muscle cramps in animals.
2. Abortifacient Effects
Fogg Berman writes that caraway may have an abortifacient effect on pregnant women, which means it may lead to miscarriage or induce premature labour. She warns that nursing mothers also need to refrain from cumin seeds, especially caraway oil.
Ironically, among the medicinal advantages of the herb, particularly its carminative, or even gas-relieving properties, is also the cause of one of its most common negative effects. The book “Pocket Guide to Herbal Medicine” explains that cumin seeds help expel excess gas in the digestive system. However, while reducing the discomfort of gas inside the stomach, it may also cause heartburn by reducing the pressure within the esophageal sphincter, a valve that normally keeps stomach contents inside the stomach.
The caraway seed’s caraway seed repellent effects may also lead to severe belching, writes Adrian Fogh Berman in her book, “The 5 Minute Herb and Dietary Supplement Consult.” Burping, sometimes known as a burping or fissure, requires that excess gas and bloating be expelled through the stomach and intestines from the mouth. It may be associated with a distinct sound and sometimes with an odor.
5. Narcotic Effects
Caraway seeds have narcotic qualities, Florence Daniel reports. In her book Food Remedies: Facts About Foods and Their Medicinal Uses, she writes that they should be combined with caution simply because, just like drugs, they can become addictive. Other side effects associated with the narcotic effects of the herb consist of drowsiness, mental damping off, and nausea.
Selection and storage
Caraway seeds can be found all year round in markets either in seed form or possibly in ground form. Buy whole caraway seeds from the store rather than the powder, as they can often contain adulterated spicy powders.
Once home, the seeds can be kept in a cool, dry, dark place in airtight containers for several months and can be ground using a manual mill when needed. Ground and powdered caraway should be kept in the refrigerator in airtight containers and should be used as early as possible because they lose their flavor fairly quickly.